语文阅读理解技巧, 阅读理解能力差怎么办?

2019-01-20 10:51  点击次数: 次   作者:admin

语文阅读理解技巧, 阅读理解能力差怎么办?
 
语文阅读理解答题模板
 
1. 记叙文六要素?
 
时间、地点、人物、事件起因、经过、结果
 
2. 找主题句?
 
找首段或尾段的议论抒情句。
 
3.文章内容?
 
方法:看题目
 
(1)核心人物
 
(2)核心事件,进行综合、概括。
 
答:此文记叙了(描写了)……,表现了(赞美了)……。
 
4.划分层次?
 
(1)按时间划分(找表示时间的短语)(2)按地点划分(找表示地点的短语)(3)按事情发展过程(找各个事件)(4)总分总
 
5.记叙线索及作用?线索:
 
(1)核心人物(2)核心事物(3)核心事件
 
(4)时间(5)地点(6)作者的情感作用:是贯穿全文的脉络,把文中的人物和事件有机地连在一起,使文章条理清楚、层次清晰。
 
怎样做阅读理解
 
1、弄清原文、题干、正确答案项和干扰项之间的关系,切实提高实际解决问题的能力。
 
2、注意积累生活素材及英语国家的文化背景、人情风俗、生活方式知识。
 
3、重视培养正确的阅读习惯,加强锻炼跳读、略读、扫读等阅读技巧。
 
4、巩固、扩大并活用词汇(包括词组、短语和构词法),夯实语法知识。
 
5、若是做回答问题时,先须把握全文整体意思,弄清文中的人物、发生的事件、时间、地点、原因、前后逻辑关系及过程,然后再落笔定答案,有些文章的最后一题是开放性题目,只要言之有理,都能得分。
 
阅读理解能力差怎么提高
 
1、尽可能的增加孩子的阅读时间。这个十分关键,孩子阅读理解能力好不好,与阅读的时间够不够、多不多有直接的关系。“读书破万卷,下笔如有神”,这句话就是说要多阅读,才能写出好的文章。
 
2、多注意孩子阅读习惯的养成。孩子阅读习惯的养成,是一个长期的过程,这需要家长和孩子的共同努力。如何培养孩子阅读的习惯呢?其实说简单也很简单,就是需要家长给孩子创造一个阅读的环境。
 
3、一些打击孩子自信心的语言一定要避免。孩子在阅读的过程,家长一定要注意自己的语言表达方式,其实上小学的孩子,阅读的过程是一个被动接受的过程,因此这个时候家长一些负面的话,一些打击孩子自信心的话,一定要尽量避免。
 
 
Chinese Reading Comprehension Answer Template
 
1. Six elements of narrative?
 
Time, place, person, cause, course, result of the event
 
2. Find topic sentences?
 
Find the first or last paragraph of the commentary Lyric sentence.
 
3. Content of the article?
 
Method: Look at the topic
 
(1) Core Persons
 
(2) Core events should be synthesized and summarized.
 
Answer: This article describes (describes)... It shows (compliments)....
 
4. Layering?
 
(1) By time (find phrases indicating time), (2) by place (find phrases indicating place), (3) by the course of events (find events), (4) total score
 
5. Narrative clues and their functions? Clue:
 
(1) Core Persons (2) Core Things (3) Core Events
 
(4) Time (5) Place (6) The author's emotional role is to run through the context of the full text, organically connect the characters and events in the text, so as to make the article clear and clear.
 
How to Do Reading Comprehension
 
1. Make clear the relationship between the original text, the title, the correct answers and the interference items, and improve the ability to solve practical problems.
 
2. Pay attention to accumulating life materials and knowledge of cultural background, customs and lifestyle in English-speaking countries.
 
3. Pay attention to cultivating correct reading habits and strengthen reading skills such as skipping, skimming and scanning.
 
4. Consolidate, expand and actively use vocabulary (including phrases, phrases and word-formation) to consolidate grammatical knowledge.
 
5. When answering questions, we should first grasp the overall meaning of the whole text, clarify the characters, events, time, place, reason, logical relationship and process in the text, and then write down the answer. The last question of some articles is an open topic, which can be scored as long as it is reasonable.
 
How to Improve Reading Comprehension
 
1. Increase children's reading time as much as possible. This is the key point. Children's reading comprehension ability is directly related to insufficient reading time and not much reading time. "Reading ten thousand volumes and writing like a god", that is to say, we need to read more before we can write good articles.
 
2. Pay more attention to the development of children's reading habits. The development of children's reading habits is a long-term process, which requires the joint efforts of parents and children. How to cultivate children's reading habits? In fact, it is simple and simple to say that parents need to create a reading environment for their children.
 
3. Some language that can undermine children's self-confidence must be avoided. In the process of reading, parents must pay attention to their own language expression. In fact, the process of reading for primary school children is a passive process of acceptance. Therefore, at this time, parents should try to avoid some negative words and words that attack children's self-confidence.
 


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